Special Issue

Volume: 25 Issue: 3, 12/15/21

Year: 2021


Research Articles

“A Journal devoted to Religious Studies in Turkey”

Cumhuriyet İlahiyat Dergisi-Cumhuriyet Theology Journal is a peer-reviewed Journal published  twice a year as July and December. It aims to publish scientific research such as papers, book reviews and symposium reviews on religious studies and to share these studies with public. (Article acceptance dates:  January 1 -  March 1 for the 15 June issue; July 1 - September 1 for the 15 December issue) CUID provides articles written by qualified specialists in the area of Islamic Studies (Scope: Arts and Humanities/Religion/Islamic Studies & Scope: Social and Behavioral Sciences/ Theology and Ethics). It continues to publish compelling original research articles that contribute to the development of scholarly understanding and interpretation in the history and philosophy of religious thought in all traditions and periods - including the areas of Islamic Studies. 

Cumhuriyet İlahiyat Dergisi- Cumhuriyet Theology Journal continues to publish compelling original research that contributes to the development of scholarly understanding and interpretation in the history and philosophy of religious thought in all traditions and periods - including the areas of Islamic Studies, Judaic Studies, Christianity, Comparative Religious Studies, Theology and Ethics. 

Scope: Arts and Humanities/Religion/Islamic Studies/Comparative Religious Studies

Scope: Social and Behavioral Sciences/ Theology and Ethics


Cumhuriyet İlahiyat Dergisi- Cumhuriyet Theology Journal is a peer-reviewed Journal published  twice a year as June and December. 

Cumhuriyet İlahiyat Dergisi- Cumhuriyet Theology Journal accepts paper submission from researchers with only doctoral degrees in research articles and book review. 

We consider for publication in jour ournal published articles which:

Report original science, and add significantly to research already publishedare of interest to the community

are scientifically rigorous

have sound motivation and purpose

have not been published previously in the peer-reviewed literature, including in another language

are not under consideration for publication in any other peer-reviewed journal or book available through a library or by purchase.

It is particularly important for authors to consider whether they have enough new results before starting to plan and write a paper for submission to an CUD. Reporting incremental steps forward from previous work is not good enough.

Articles based on theses for higher degrees may be submitted, although authors should take care that such articles are prepared in the format of a research paper, which is more concise than is appropriate for a thesis.


Articles reporting work that was originally presented at a conference may be submitted, provided these articles do not appear in substantially the same form in a peer-reviewed, published conference proceeding. Again, authors should take care to ensure the format of a research paper is used. The article length should also be appropriate to the content. In case of doubt, please enquire with the journal.


All articles are judged solely on their scientific merits. Unbiased consideration is given to all manuscripts offered for publication regardless of whether or not the authors request publication on an open access basis and regardless of the race, gender, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, political philosophy, sexual orientation, age or reputation of the authors.


We treat all submitted articles as confidential until they are published and they will only be shared with those referees, Board members, Editors and CUID staff who are directly involved in the peer review of the article.


How to prepare your article

Before submission please check the individual journal homepage for information on the journal’s subject scope, available article types, specific manuscript length limits and details of any variations to the peer review process that might apply.



CUID aims to be flexible and to make submission as easy as possible for authors. We only require a PDF file of the new article (and any suitable supplementary data files) on submission. Authors are asked to submit at revision stage the source files used to create their PDF (to assist with accurate typesetting), the text of which can be in either Microsoft Word or TeX/LaTeX. Our online submission form also allows authors to collect and directly upload their article from the arXiv and to upload other compressed or archived files.


Authors can format their papers in the way that they choose. It is not necessary to try to produce pages that look like published journal pages, as the detailed design (typesetting) work will be undertaken by CUID as part of the production process. However we do ask that authors consider the readability for referees when formatting their manuscripts. For example, please use a reasonable font size (at least 10 point) and line spacing. There is no need for authors to include line numbers in their manuscript as these will automatically be added on submission. Figures and tables should be embedded at the appropriate point within the text, rather than placed at the end of the manuscript. Papers must be written in Turkish or English.


Length of submissions

Most journals have guidelines for the maximum recommended length for each different type of article, as detailed in the scope statement available from that journal’s homepage. It is important that you check these guidelines when preparing your submission. Articles which are longer than the length limit may still be considered for publication provided that the length is clearly justified by the scientific content.


Article structure

Your article should normally consist of the following sections and should follow the Introduction, Methods, Results and Discussion system:

a title page with the title of the article, name(s) of author(s) and address(es) of establishment(s) where the work was carried out

an abstract

an introduction

a methods section

a results section

a discussion section

a conclusion section

an acknowledgments section

a list of references

The following sections give a brief overview of the main elements of an article. Please read these first. You can find more detail in our LaTeX and Word guidelines which are presented in the style of a typical article, and offer suggestions on how to format a manuscript.


Title page

Title of article


The title should be concise, informative and meaningful to the whole readership of the journal. Please avoid the use of long systemic names and non-standard abbreviations, acronyms or symbols.


Authors and addresses


Author lists should be finalised prior to submission (for more information on this please consult our Ethical Policy for Journals). For articles with several authors, please list the names of all the authors first, followed by the full postal addresses, using superscript numeric identifiers to link an author with an address where necessary.



We encourage you (and your co-authors) to register for an ORCID identifier and connect it to your account in our submission and peer-review system. This uniquely identifies you and connects you to your publication. This will help ensure you get credit for your work, improve its discoverability, and help us streamline the publishing process.

ORCID identifiers supplied in this way will be included in published manuscripts, and the publication lists in your ORCID record will then be automatically updated via Crossref. (You will need to grant permission to Crossref the first time; this will be requested via your ORCID inbox.)


Your abstract should give readers concise information about the content of your article. It should be informative, accessible and not only indicate the general scope of the article but also state the main results obtained and conclusions drawn. The abstract should be complete in itself - no table numbers, figure numbers, references or equations should be referred to. It should be suitable for direct inclusion in abstracting services and should not normally be more than 150 words.


Main text

It is helpful for readers if your article is concise, but clarity is essential. Short sentences and paragraphs make reading easier. You should aim for consistency within your article in matters such as hyphenation and spelling.


All acronyms and abbreviations should be clearly explained when they first appear in the text, and all units used should be consistent throughout the article.


Article structure


Introduction: This should be concise and describe the nature of the problem under investigation and its background. It should also set your work in the context of previous research, citing relevant references. Introductions should expand on highly specialised terms and abbreviations used in the article to make it accessible for readers.


Methods: This section should provide sufficient details of the experiment, simulation, statistical test or analysis carried out to generate the results so that the method can be repeated by another researcher.

Results: The results section should detail the main findings and outcomes of your study. You should use tables only to improve conciseness or where the information cannot be given satisfactorily in other ways such as histograms or graphs. Tables should be numbered serially and referred to in the text by number (table 1, etc.). Each table should have an explanatory caption which should be as concise as possible.


Discussion: This should discuss the significance of the results and compare them with previous work using relevant references.


Conclusion: This section should be used to highlight the novelty and significance of the work, and any plans for future relevant work.



All authors and co-authors are required to disclose any potential conflict of interest when submitting their article. This information should be included in an acknowledgments section at the end of the manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project must also be disclosed in the acknowledgments section.The name of the funding agency and the grant number should be given, for example: 'This work was partially funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) through a National Cancer Institute grant R21CA141833.'


When completing the online submission form, we also ask you to select funders (from the FundRef Registry) and provide grant numbers in order to help you to meet your funder requirements. For more information about FundRef, please see: crossref.org/fundref.



It is vitally important that you fully acknowledge all relevant work. You should also consult our Ethical Policy for Journals for general guidance on compiling your reference list.


A reference should give your reader enough information to locate the article concerned and should consist of:


author name(s) and initials

year of publication

title of the journal or book

the volume number

for books: town of publication and the name of the publisher

and finally the article number or page numbers.

Where there are up to ten authors, all authors’ names should be given in the reference list. Where there are more than ten authors, only the first name should appear, followed by et al.


You should take particular care to ensure that the information is correct so that links to referenced articles can be made successfully. Material which is really a footnote to the text should not be included in the reference list, which should contain only references to bibliographic data. Copies of cited publications not yet available publicly should be submitted for the benefit of the referees. Unpublished results and lectures should be cited for exceptional reasons only. Before submitting your article, please ensure you have done a literature search to check for any relevant references you may have missed.


Reference systems

cumhuriyet theology journal  requires writers to use the Isnad Citation Style: http://www.isnadsistemi.org

First citation: author(s) first name and last name, title, (if applicable) first and last name of translator or editor, place of publication, publisher, date of publication, page number. 

Subsequent citations: author’s last name, the short title, and the page number should be indicated in all subsequent citations. Footnote citations should conform to the following examples. 

References: References should be placed at the end of the text in alphabetical order. If a source has more than one author, the surname, and name of the first author should be written, and the other authors should be indicated by et.al. The titles of books and journals should be italicized; article titles and book chapters should be placed in quotation marks. Translator’s and editor’s names (if there are any) should follow the title of the work:


A detailed guideline on electronic is available.

EndNote Stle / Cumhuriyet Theology Journal (Chicago-Turkish).


a) One Author: 

1. Michael Pollan, The Omnivore’s Dilemma: A Natural History of Four Meals (New York: Penguin, 2006), 99–100.

2. Pollan, Omnivore’s Dilemma, 3.


Pollan, Michael. The Omnivore’s Dilemma: A Natural History of Four Meals. New York: Penguin, 2006.


b) Two Authors

1. Geoffrey C. Ward and Ken Burns, The War: An Intimate History 1941–1945 (New York: Knopf, 2007), 52.

2. Ward and Burns, War, 59–61.



Ward, Geoffrey C., and Ken Burns. The War: An Intimate History 1941–1945. New York: Knopf, 2007.

c) Three or More Authors

For three or more authors, list all of the authors in the bibliography; in the note, list only the first author, followed by et al. (“and others”):

1. Mitchell L. Eisen, Jodi A. Quas, and Gail S. Goodman, eds., Memory and Suggestibility in the Forensic Interview (Mahwah, NJ: L. Erlbaum Assoicates, 2002), 65.

2. Eisen and et al., Memory and Suggestibility in the Forensic Interview, 67.


Eisen, Mitchell L., Jodi A. Quas, and Gail S. Goodman, eds. Memory and Suggestibility in the Forensic Interview. Mahwah, NJ: L. Erlbaum Associates, 2002.


d) Translation

1. Gabriel Garcia Marquez, Love in the Time of Cholera, trans. Edith Grossman (London: Cape, 1988), 242–55.

2. Marquez, Cholera, 33.


Marquez, Gabriel Garcia. Love in the Time of Cholera. Translated by Edith Grossman. London: Cape, 1988.


e) Chapter or Other Part of a Book

1. John D. Kelly, “Seeing Red: Mao Fetishism, Pax Americana, and the Moral Economy of War,” in Anthropology and Global Counterinsurgency, ed. John D. Kelly et al (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2010), 77.

2. Kelly, “Seeing Red,” 81–82.


Kelly, John D. “Seeing Red: Mao Fetishism, Pax Americana, and the Moral Economy of War.” In Anthropology and Global Counterinsurgency, edited by John D. Kelly, Beatrice Jauregui, Sean T. Mitchell, and Jeremy Walton, 67–83. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2010.




1. Joshua I. Weinstein, “The Market in Plato’s Republic,” Classical Philology 104 (2009): 440.

2. Weinstein, “Plato’s Republic,” 452–53.


Weinstein, Joshua I. “The Market in Plato’s Republic.” Classical Philology 104 (2009): 439–58.


b) Online

1. Gueorgi Kossinets and Duncan J. Watts, “Origins of Homophily in an Evolving Social Network”, American Journal of Sociology 115 (2009): 411, accessed February 28, 2010, doi:10.1086/599247.

2. Kossinets and Watts, “Origins of Homophily,” 439.



Kossinets, Gueorgi, and Duncan J. Watts. “Origins of Homophily in an Evolving Social Network.” American Journal of Sociology 115 (2009): 405–50. Accessed February 28, 2010. doi:10.1086/599247.



For encylopedia entries, the author’s name and surname are written first. These are followed by the title of the entry in quotation marks, the full name of the encyclopedia, , the place and date of publication, its volume number and page numbers:

1. As’ad Abukhalil, “Maronites,” in Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East and North Africa, ed. Philip Mattar, 2nd ed., vol. 3 (New York: Macmillan Reference, 2004), 1491-92. 

2. Abukhalil, “Maronites,” 1492. 


Abukhalil, As’ad. “Maronites.” In Encycloedia or the Modern Middle East and North Africa. Edited by Philip Mattar. 2nd ed. Vol. 3. New York: Macmillan Reference, 1491-92.



For theses and dissertations, the following order should be followed: name of the author and surname, full title of thesis in italics, thesis type, the name of the university and date.

1. Mihwa Choi, “Contesting Imaginaires in Death Rituals during the Northern Song Dynasty” (PhD diss., University of Chicago, 2008), 55.

2. Choi, “Contesting Imaginaires,” 59.



Choi, Mihwa. “Contesting Imaginaires in Death Rituals during the Northern Song Dynasty.” PhD diss., University of Chicago, 2008.


The Isnad Citation Style: http://www.isnadsistemi.org



Carefully chosen and well-prepared figures, such as diagrams and photographs, can greatly enhance your article. We encourage you to prepare figures that are clear, easy to read and of the best possible quality. Characters should appear as they would be set in the main body of the article. We will normally use figures as submitted; it is, therefore, your responsibility to ensure that they are legible and technically correct.


How to submit a new article

Please submit all new articles via the 'Submit an article' link on the journal homepage. Please ensure that you enter all the required information about your article and all its authors before uploading your files. You are required to select some keywords for your article. Please note that, if your article is accepted for publication, we will display these keywords on the published article. Authors may propose preferred (and non-preferred) referees on submission. The suggested referees should have suitable subject expertise and not have any conflicts of interest (please see the Peer Review policy for further information on conflict of interest). These suggestions will be considered; however, the editorial staff and/or the Editorial Board will make the final decision regarding referee selection.

If you are a new author, you will need to set up an author account before submitting your first article. Using the Author Centre, you will be able to track the progress of your article, respond to the referee reports, and submit your revised version.


When submitting a new article, we only require you to upload a single PDF file and any relevant supplementary data at this stage. The PDF should contain your complete manuscript, including any embedded figures and tables. You may upload your article from the arXiv directly by entering the arXiv e-print number. Please also submit any permissions that you have already obtained at this stage.

If you experience any problems submitting your article online, please contact the journal team for assistance: ilahiyat.dergi@cumhuriyet.edu.tr


How to prepare your revised article


It is common for our referees to request that authors make revisions to their articles. If you are asked to submit a revised version of your article, in addition to article files, we require a list of changes made and a point-by-point response (even if you disagree) to each referee comment before we consider the revision. We recommend that authors copy each referee comment into a separate document and add a response below each comment (and refer to the manuscript line numbers when referring to changes in the main text) to assist our staff and referees with checking revisions as quickly as possible. If the referee(s) and Editorial Board are not satisfied with the changes to your manuscript, it may still be rejected at this stage. Please make sure that you send your revised article to us and not simply the original version again. By observing these guidelines you will be assisting the referees, who give up their time to review manuscripts.


How to submit a revised article

Please submit all revised submissions via the link in the e-mail you received informing you of the decision and asking you to make the revisions.

When submitting a revised article, we require you to upload the revised PDF file (deleting the original version) and your latest set of source files used to create the revised PDF. In addition, you will need to submit your point-by-point response to the referees. You will subsequently be asked to complete and submit the online assignment of copyright form if you have not done so already.


If you experience any problems submitting your article online, please contact the journal team for assistance: ilahiyat.dergi@cumhuriyet.edu.tr


What we do with articles after acceptance

After acceptance your article will be copy-edited and typeset, using the source files that you have provided, and a proof will be produced.



We will contact you by e-mail when the PDF proof of your article is ready for you to check.


You should check your proof carefully and return corrections using the web page provided. This is the most efficient way to send them to us. Please supply an annotated PDF file using the strikethrough, replacement text and insert text functions. For other changes, please add a sticky note. Please ensure all changes are visible via the ‘Comments’ list in the annotated PDF so that your corrections are not missed.


Please do not resupply a new source file because it is difficult to identify corrections and some could be missed.


The ultimate responsibility for ensuring the accuracy of the published article rests with you. If proofs reach you during an absence of which we have not been informed, or if the proofs are not returned sufficiently quickly, we may publish the article without your corrections.


When checking your proofs you should take particular care checking mathematics, tables, and references. Only essential corrections should be made. You should provide new files if figures need correction. We recommend that you check the accuracy of your original diagrams very carefully before submission; we cannot accept responsibility for any errors in original diagrams.


Copyright and permissions

Transfer of copyright

We request that authors transfer (assign) the copyright in their articles to Cumhuriyet Ilahiyat Dergisi = Cumhuriyet Theology Journal before publication. This ensures that we have the right to work with, reproduce and to make your article available to readers. This is the case whether you have chosen to publish on a subscription-only or on a gold open access basis. Following the submission of your article, we will ask you to electronically submit an Assignment of Copyright form.The assignment of copyright in your article is effective only from the date on which the article is accepted for publication. If you withdraw your article, or if it is not accepted, the transfer does not take effect.


The main features of the copyright assignment are that:

authors transfer the worldwide copyright in their work to CUID Publishing in all formats and media;

authors assert their moral right to be identified as the authors of the article;

for subscription-only articles, CUID grants back to authors certain rights for the future use of their own work, for example, self-archiving rights; for full details please see the Copyright FAQ;

authors of gold open access articles will have the same rights as all third parties – those described in the relevant Creative Commons license;

provision is made for situations where copyright is owned by an author’s employer as well as for government employees; in the case of multi-author articles, only one author should submit the form but he or she should have obtained the verbal agreement of all the other authors beforehand.

As well as addressing matters of copyright, the form contains assertions that all authors have received the final version of the article, have agreed to it being submitted and that the content of the paper is not defamatory, fabricated or an infringement of third-party rights. CUID uses a single copyright form. Section 1 applies to authors submitting their work for subscription-only publication and Section 2 to those submitting for gold open access publication.